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Justice SA Bobde, who will take oath as the forty-seventh (47th) Chief Justice of India today, will become the eighth (8th) CJI whose parent high court is the Bombay High Court.
On October 29, President of India Ramnath Kovind signed the warrant appointing Justice SA Bobde as the next Chief Justice of India. CJI Ranjan Gogoi retired yesterday on November 17.
The previous seven judges who started their careers in the higher judiciary from the Bombay High Court and went on to become CJI are shown in the table below:
|Chief Justice of India||Tenure as CJI|
|Justice HJ Kania||January 26, 1950- November 6, 1951|
|Justice PB Gajendragadkar||February 1, 1964- March 15, 1966|
|Justice JC Shah||December 17, 1970 – January 21, 1971|
|Justice YV Chandrachud||February 22, 1978- July 11, 1985|
|Justice MH Kania||December 13, 1991 – November 17, 1992|
|Justice SP Bharucha||November 1, 2001 – May 5, 2002|
|Justice SH Kapadia||May 12, 2010 – September 28, 2012|
Justice RM Lodha, who was a Bombay High Court judge for over a decade on transfer from his parent high court, the Rajasthan High Court, also served as the forty-first (41st) Chief Justice of India.
Earlier, Justice PN Bhagwati, who became the seventeenth CJI, began his career practicing at the Bombay High Court, before he was appointed as a judge of the Gujarat High Court.
Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah, who went on to become the eleventh CJI and acting President of India, was appointed as a judge of the Nagpur High Court in 1946 and later elevated as the Chief Justice of the Nagpur High Court in 1954. Justice Hidayatullah was then appointed as the Chief Justice of newly formed Madhya Pradesh High Court in 1956, before he was elevated as a judge of the Supreme Court in 1958.
The Nagpur High Court existed separately for the erstwhile Central Provinces and Berar. However, it was made a Bench of Bombay High Court from November 1, 1956 as eight Marathi speaking districts of Vidarbha formed part of the State of Bombay.
Notably, the Apex Court is likely to see another Chief Justice coming from the Bombay High Court in the near future. When Justice Dhananjaya Y Chandrachud is appointed as CJI on November 9, 2022 (on the basis of seniority), he and his father Justice YV Chandrachud will have become the only father-son CJI duo.
CJI designate Justice SA Bobde was born in Nagpur on April 24, 1956 and studied law from Nagpur University. The son of former Maharashtra Advocate General Arvind Bobde and brother of veteran lawyer Vinod Bobde, who passed away in 2016, Justice Bobde was enrolled with the Bar Council of Maharashtra in 1978. He practiced at the Nagpur Bench and made appearances at the Principal Bench at Bombay, before practicing at the Supreme Court of India for over 21 years. He was designated as Senior Advocate in 1998.
Justice Bobde was elevated as an additional judge of the Bombay High Court in 2000, before being appointed as Chief Justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court in October, 2012. Subsequently, he was elevated as a judge of the Supreme Court in April 2013.
He will serve as Chief Justice of India from November 18, 2019 till April 23, 2021.
President of India Ramnath Kovind will administer the oath of office to Justice Bobde on November 18.