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Since time immemorial, the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu have been at loggerheads over allocation of water from the river Cauvery. A 2007 verdict of the Cauvery Disputes Tribunal aimed to put the age-old dispute to bed, however, the states continue to bicker over the issue, especially when the monsoons are bad.
And that often translates into the two states battling out in court. In doing so, a considerable amount of money has been spent by both states in the last two and a half decades, especially on professional fees paid to the lawyers representing them.
To get an idea of just how much money is spent, we filed an RTI to determine how much the Karnataka government has spent on counsel fees since 1990. The reply to the query, given by the state Water Resources Department, reveals some interesting figures.
The Lawyers involved
First, we take a look at the state government’s go-to lawyers in the last twenty six years. All in all, a total of twenty-one lawyers have appeared for Karnataka at various instances.
Anil B Divan has also appeared in more or less every round of litigation since 1992. The other top lawyers who have featured include Senior Advocates SS Javali, DM Nargolkar, Padmanabha Mahale, Sanjay Hegde and MV Katarki. Senior Advocates YS Chitale and TR Andhyarujina also put in appearances in the early 90s.
Senior Partner of Kochhar & Co Syed Naqvi, former Additional Advocate General of Haryana, and current legal adviser to Karnataka Brijesh Kalappa are also among the big names.
Thus far, the government has spent 37.54 crore on counsel fees alone. Add court fees to that number, and you have a sizeable expense for the state exchequer.
The lawyer charging the most fees during these disputes is Anil Divan, taking home 14.03 crore. The fact that the government has spent more than 37% of the total counsel fees it has paid to 20 other lawyers shows what an asset the veteran senior counsel has been.
Nariman is next on the list, making 8.6 crore over the years. He is followed by Javali and Katarki, who have both been paid around 4.5 crore in the last 26 years. Advocate SP Singh has also made more than 2.5 crore.
Here is a list of the lawyers who have been paid the most:
|Anil B Divan||1992-2016||14.03 crore|
|Fali S Nariman||1990-2016||8.61 crore|
|SS Javali||1990-2016||4.58 crore|
|MV Katarki||1990-2016||4.47 crore|
|SP Singh||1993-2010||2.53 crore|
|Brijesh Kalappa||2004-2015||82.5 lakh|
|SC Sharma||1991-2005, 2012-2016||63.6 lakh|
|VN Raghupathy||2011-2016||45.3 lakh|
|Ranvir Singh||2004-2016||36.1 lakh|
|Sanjay Hegde||2002-2010||21.8 lakh|
On average, the Karnataka government has spent around 1.4 crore per year in counsel fees on the Cauvery disputes. The year in which the highest amount was spent was 2005-06, where 5.2 crore was paid to the lawyers. The years of 2012-13 and 2004-05 are not far behind, with 4.9 crore and 3.7 crore being paid as professional fees respectively. For the last five years, the total spend on counsel fees reached 12.7 crore.
Below is a list of the years where the government has spent the most:
|Year||Expense on counsel fees|
It would also be interesting to compare these statistics with how much the government of Tamil Nadu has spent on its lawyers over the years.
And with the Cauvery matter far from settled, we can expect these numbers to increase further, especially given the ever-increasing fees of high profile lawyers in the country.