The Supreme Court will hear today a batch of petitions challenging the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019.The matter will be heard by a bench comprising Chief Justice of India (CJI) UU Lalit, Justices Ravindra Bhat and Bela M Trivedi. The CAA, which was passed on December 12, 2019, amends Section 2 of the Citizenship Act of 1955 which defines “illegal migrants”.As per the same, persons belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian communities from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, and who have been exempted by the Central government under the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920, or the Foreigners Act, 1946, shall not be treated as “illegal migrant”. Consequently, such persons shall be eligible to apply for citizenship under the 1955 Act.The CAA specifically excluded the Muslim community from the proviso, triggering protests across the country and a slew of petitions were filed in the Supreme Court.The petitioners challenging the law have submitted that the CAA discriminates against Muslims on the basis of religion. Such religious segregation is without any reasonable differentiation and violates right to quality under Article 14, it has been contended.Amid nationwide protests against the legislation, the Supreme Court in January 2020 had issued notice in a batch of over 140 petitions, without staying the Act.In response to the pleas, the Central government had said that the CAA is a "benign legislation" which has a narrow purpose and ought not be conflated beyond the legislative intent.A fresh counter affidavit was also filed on Sunday pursuant to an order of Chief Justice of India Uday Umesh Lalit-led Bench .Live updates from the hearing below..Solicitor General: Total are 232 petitions. There are 53 matters. 50 for Assam and 3 for Tripura. Centre has filed the reply and we need some time to file reply on behalf of Assam and Tripura. CJI: This prayer was made on last occasion as well..Solicitor General: I understand the sensitivity of the case. CJI: That is why we said to frame questions etc Solicitor General: One is an umbrella category where parliament has concerned itself with one set of people, the second issue is connected to Assam and Tripura. Not possible to classify in categories..Dr AM Singhvi: Please designate one matter as lead matter. Please fix deadline for the replies. There are constitutional issues involved and replies have to be time bound. 200 or 75 matters do not matter..Dr Singhvi: We all want it off the board otherwise there will be arguments on segregation etc. Senior Advocate P Wilson: We also have to look at Sri Lankan Tamils and there is no reply on this by the SG. Reply is only a common counter for Assam and Tripura..SG: For Assam and Tripura, we are still getting petitions. CJI: Let me say something..CJI: Which are the lead matters one can designate.. Senior Advocate Kapil Sibal: pleadings in my matter is complete CJI: Either we undertake the exercise or leave it for the subsequent bench. There are certain nuances which will get projected in another case apart from lead case..Senior Advocate Siddharth Luthra: Once IUML becomes the lead matter, the ancillary issues will fall in place. Sr Adv Sibal: That is my case, yes. CJI: Who is the AoR? Sr Adv Sibal: Advocate Pallavi Pratap.CJI: We will nominate her as nodal counsel. Advocate Kanu Agarwal for the respondents..CJI: Right at outset SG Mehta has submitted that he may be given some additional time to comply with directions issues of this court and submits that replies by Assam and Tripura are not yet filed and short time may be granted for the same..CJI: Having noted that there are various pleas projecting multiple views, resolution of entire controversy can be achieved if 2 or 3 matters are taken as lead matters and convenience compilations of all counsels are prepared well in advance. This will make proceedings convenient..CJI: Pleadings in IUML is complete and was filed by Advocate Pallavi Pratap. We appoint Ms Pratap and Mr Kanu Agarwal as nodal counsels. These counsels are requested to have common compilation of all relevant documents..CJI: Let the nodal counsel share the compilation with all lawyers in digital format and all counsels to share written submissions not exceeding three pages. Nodal counsel can designate 1 or 2 other matters as lead matters keeping in mind geographical/religious classification..CJI: Assam and Tripura to file their reply in 2 weeks. Nodal counsels to file compilation in the next three weeks. .BJP leader Ashwini Upadhyay: I support CAA. Please do not de-tag my petition.SG Mehta: One thing, his petitions are never motivated.CJI: How do we do that? Go back to the bench. Upadhyay: I will show..CJI: List the CAA matters before the appropriate court on December 6, 2022.