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The recently notified Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 came into effect on September 1. Among the several provisions that have undergone changes are those concerning the quantum of penalty applicable to various offences. Under the new scheme, the penalties for motor vehicle offences have been enhanced significantly.
Driving without a licence will now impose on the offender a penalty of Rs 5,000 as opposed to the earlier penalty of Rs 500. Driving a vehicle while it is under suspension is punishable with a fine of Rs 10,000, as opposed to the earlier fine of Rs 500. Allowing unauthorised persons to drive the vehicle is punishable with a fine of Rs 5,000 whereas the fine amount earlier was only Rs 1,000.
Reckless driving is now punishable with Rs 5,000 for the first offence and Rs 10,000 for the second offence. Drunken driving is now punishable with a fine of Rs 10,000 for the first offence and Rs 15,000 for the second offence.
Enhanced penalties have also been provided for various other under offences under the Motor Vehicles Act, including travel without tickets, refusal to supply information, disobeying authorities etc.
An illustrative table comprising of enhanced penalties prescribed for prominent offences is provided below:
|Offence||Penalty fine earlier||Enhanced penalty fine following 2019 amendment|
|First offence||Second offence||First offence||Second offence|
|Driving without a licence||500||500||5,000||5,000|
|Driving a vehicle while it is under suspension/disqualification||500||500||10,000||10,000|
|Allowing unauthorised persons to drive the vehicle||1,000||1,000||5,000||5,000|
|Travel without ticket||200||200||500||500|
|Disobedience of order of authorities||500||500||2000||2000|
This apart, the 2019 amendment has also introduced several new offences. These include the following offences tabulated below:
|Offence Description||Fine amount for the first offence||Fine amount for the second offence|
|Jumping a red light||5,000||10,000|
|Using mobile phones while driving||5,000||10,000|
|Overtaking in the no-overtaking zone,||5,000||10,000|
|Driving against the flow of traffic||5,000||10,000|
|Driving in any manner that would be dangerous||5,000||10,000|
|Carrying children below 14 years without a safety belt/child restraint system||1,000||1,000|
|Riding more than two persons in two-wheeler||1,000||1,000|
|Riding without helmets by both driver and pillion||1,000||1,000|
|Not providing a way for emergency vehicles (Fire Service or Ambulance)||1,000||1,000|
|Using horn needlessly or continuously/ prohibited area||1,000||2,000|
|Release of exhaust gas other than a silencer||1,000||2,000|
|Offences by Juveniles||25,000||25,000|
|Not adhering to road design, construction, maintenance by designated authority or contractor, consultant, or concessionaire violating safety standards||1,00,000||1,00,000|
|Operating as an aggregator in contravention of section 93 or Rules||1,00,000||1,00,000|
|Rules of Driving regulation violation||1,000||1,000|
The penalty for offences committed by juveniles has been made particularly stringent. If the offence is committed by a juvenile, the juvenile will be tried under the Juvenile Protection Act. The guardian or parent, presumed to have allowed the juvenile to drive, would be punished with imprisonment up to three months and a fine of Rs 25, 000. Further, the motor vehicle registration would also stand cancelled for a year. In this regard, Section 199A has been introduced.
Another notable provision is the newly introduced Section 210B. As per this provision, if any of the motor vehicle offences are committed by the enforcing authorities, they would be liable for twice the penalty corresponding to that offence under the Act.
The full list of penalties following the 2019 Motor Vehicles Amendent Act may be viewed below:
Read the Motor Vehicles Amendment Act 2019 here.