Principles governing disciplinary enquiry different from criminal trial; proof beyond reasonable doubt not needed: Supreme Court

The Supreme Court held that in a disciplinary proceedings, a charge of misconduct has to be established on the preponderance of probabilities, not on the principle of 'beyond reasonable doubt'.
Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Surya Kant
Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Surya Kant

The Supreme Court on Tuesday reiterated that rules of evidence that apply towards criminal trials are distinct from those governing a disciplinary enquiry [State of Karnataka vs Umesh].

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