Article 370 case: LIVE UPDATES from Supreme Court [Day 12]

A bench of Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud, and Justices Sanjay Kishan Kaul, Sanjiv Khanna, BR Gavai, and Surya Kant is hearing the matter.
Article 370 Day 12 live updates
Article 370 Day 12 live updates

A Constitution bench of the Supreme Court of India is hearing a batch of petitions challenging the abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution which conferred special status on the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir.

The bench comprises Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud, and Justices Sanjay Kishan KaulSanjiv Khanna, BR Gavai, and Surya Kant.

Over 20 petitions are pending before the Supreme Court challenging the Central government's 2019 decision to abrogate Article 370 of the Constitution, which resulted in the revocation of Jammu and Kashmir's special status. The erstwhile State was subsequently bifurcated into two Union Territories.

When the matters were listed in March 2020, a five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court had decided not to refer the batch of petitions to a seven-judge Constitution Bench, despite some petitioners seeking such a reference.

On August 2, the top court began final hearings in the matter with a question to the petitioners about whether the Constitution makers and Article 370 itself envisaged the provision as a permanent or temporary one.

The Court sought to know whether the Article was envisaged as a permanent provision merely because the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), which was empowered to recommend the deletion of the provision, ceased to exist in 1957.

On August 4, the top court asked whether the Article would become part of the basic structure of the Constitution if it is accepted that Article 370 of the Constitution became permanent when the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir was dissolved in 1957.

During the hearing of the matter on August 9, the Court said that in a Constitutional democracy like India, the opinion of people on public issues is sought through established institutions and not referendums as in the case of Brexit in the United Kingdom.

The top court, on August 10, remarked that in no way was the integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India in 1948 conditional. The integration was absolute and complete in every which way, remarked CJI Chandrachud.

On August 24, the Central government began its arguments in Supreme Court defending its 2019 move to abrogate Article 370 of the Constitution.

Solicitor General (SG) Tushar Mehta, who represented the Central government, invoked Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and stated that the first Prime Minister had said that India would not recognize rulers of princely States who joined India as having any 'divine' rights.

Yesterday's hearing in the matter saw the Supreme Court orally observe that Article 35A of the Constitution, which was repealed in 2019, effectively conferred special rights on the people of Jammu and Kashmir and, in the process, curtailed certain fundamental rights of persons domiciled in the rest of India.

Live updates from today's hearing can be viewed here.

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